Debian derivatives

KDE Neon

In 2014, KDE began numbering releases of its framework, Plasma desktop environment, and software compilations separately. This change was made because these three areas of development progressed at different rates, and developers did not want to hold back just to keep all three in sync. Mainly for this reason, Kubuntu founder Jonathan Riddell started KDE Neon [17] to showcase the latest development in all three areas.

KDE Neon is not primarily intended for everyday work, although it is installed on KDE Slimbook computers. Rather, it is a snapshot of recent developments in advance of what is included in the software compilations. Some releases may not work smoothly on some systems.

Tails

Tails [18] is a Debian derivative that has become a leading distribution for privacy. Running from a flash drive, DVD, or virtual machine, Tails was inspired by Incognito, a similar Gentoo-based distribution, and its development was funded by the Tor Project as well as Debian. The distro received general recognition because of its use by Edward Snowden.

Tails offers a Gnome desktop outfitted with security tools for encrypted messaging, email, and newsfeeds. Other tools are used for anonymous file sharing, ad blocking, and Bitcoin transactions. Perhaps the most important tool is Tor, which allows for anonymous browsing and blocks incoming traffic that is not anonymous.

All of these tools take time to set up. However, Tails' documentation removes the need for any previous expertise. As a result, just about anyone can have a well-protected system in a matter of hours.

elementary OS

The homepage for elementary OS [19] describes it as "The fast, open, and privacy-respecting replacement for Windows and macOS." However, elementary OS is better-known as the leading representative of recent distributions that focus on aesthetics. Based on Ubuntu, it sports a heavily modified Gnome desktop with its own window manager, dock, mail client, and desktop utilities. The result is frequently compared to macOS or to Debian derivatives like deepin and Zorin that similarly emphasize a beautiful and functional desktop.

Traditionally, aesthetics have been ignored on the Linux desktop in favor of function, so elementary OS is appreciated by many users. However, its attractiveness sometimes comes at the price of fewer customizations than expert users prefer. Potential users should also be aware that, despite a structure to encourage a $20 payment for downloading, elementary OS can be downloaded for free by entering a zero dollar payment instead.

Buy this article as PDF

Express-Checkout as PDF
Price $2.95
(incl. VAT)

Buy Linux Magazine

SINGLE ISSUES
 
SUBSCRIPTIONS
 
TABLET & SMARTPHONE APPS
Get it on Google Play

US / Canada

Get it on Google Play

UK / Australia

Related content

  • This Month's DVD

    Ubuntu 17.04 (32-bit Live) and Devuan 1.0 (64-bit Live)

  • Trend Watcher

    Bruce takes a look at DistroWatch data for a glimpse into the current state of Linux distributions.

  • Devuan 1.0.0

    In 2014, the Debian project decided to replace the old init system with systemd, but a small group of developers resisted, forking Debian to start the systemd-free Devuan. We decided to take a look at Devuan 1.0.0, the first stable release.

  • Welcome

    The world is left to wonder if the recent news of a Debian fork is an important event or a minor historical footnote. Either way, it seems like a good story, reminiscent of the Linux stories of the past, when the community really looked and behaved like a collection of individuals rather than a corporate fan club.

  • FSF Publish New List Of Truly Free Linux Distributions

    Whoever thought that Debian, Ubuntu or Fedora consist solely of free software would be wrong. The new list compiled by the Free Software Foundation showing truly free distributions has a mere nine entries.

comments powered by Disqus

Direct Download

Read full article as PDF:

Price $2.95

News